001/*
002 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
003 * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
004 * distributed with this work for additional information
005 * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
006 * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
007 * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
008 * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
009 *
010 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
011 *
012 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
013 * software distributed under the License is distributed on an
014 * "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
015 * KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
016 * specific language governing permissions and limitations
017 * under the License.
018 */
019package org.apache.shiro.web.servlet;
020
021import org.apache.shiro.util.StringUtils;
022import org.slf4j.Logger;
023import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
024
025import javax.servlet.Filter;
026import javax.servlet.FilterConfig;
027import javax.servlet.ServletException;
028
029/**
030 * Base abstract Filter simplifying Filter initialization and {@link #getInitParam(String) access} to init parameters.
031 * Subclass initialization logic should be performed by overriding the {@link #onFilterConfigSet()} template method.
032 * FilterChain execution logic (the
033 * {@link #doFilter(javax.servlet.ServletRequest, javax.servlet.ServletResponse, javax.servlet.FilterChain)} method
034 * is left to subclasses.
035 *
036 * @since 1.0
037 */
038public abstract class AbstractFilter extends ServletContextSupport implements Filter {
039
040    private static transient final Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(AbstractFilter.class);
041
042    /**
043     * FilterConfig provided by the Servlet container at start-up.
044     */
045    protected FilterConfig filterConfig;
046
047    /**
048     * Returns the servlet container specified {@code FilterConfig} instance provided at
049     * {@link #init(javax.servlet.FilterConfig) startup}.
050     *
051     * @return the servlet container specified {@code FilterConfig} instance provided at start-up.
052     */
053    public FilterConfig getFilterConfig() {
054        return filterConfig;
055    }
056
057    /**
058     * Sets the FilterConfig <em>and</em> the {@code ServletContext} as attributes of this class for use by
059     * subclasses.  That is:
060     * <pre>
061     * this.filterConfig = filterConfig;
062     * setServletContext(filterConfig.getServletContext());</pre>
063     *
064     * @param filterConfig the FilterConfig instance provided by the Servlet container at start-up.
065     */
066    public void setFilterConfig(FilterConfig filterConfig) {
067        this.filterConfig = filterConfig;
068        setServletContext(filterConfig.getServletContext());
069    }
070
071    /**
072     * Returns the value for the named {@code init-param}, or {@code null} if there was no {@code init-param}
073     * specified by that name.
074     *
075     * @param paramName the name of the {@code init-param}
076     * @return the value for the named {@code init-param}, or {@code null} if there was no {@code init-param}
077     *         specified by that name.
078     */
079    protected String getInitParam(String paramName) {
080        FilterConfig config = getFilterConfig();
081        if (config != null) {
082            return StringUtils.clean(config.getInitParameter(paramName));
083        }
084        return null;
085    }
086
087    /**
088     * Sets the filter's {@link #setFilterConfig filterConfig} and then immediately calls
089     * {@link #onFilterConfigSet() onFilterConfigSet()} to trigger any processing a subclass might wish to perform.
090     *
091     * @param filterConfig the servlet container supplied FilterConfig instance.
092     * @throws javax.servlet.ServletException if {@link #onFilterConfigSet() onFilterConfigSet()} throws an Exception.
093     */
094    public final void init(FilterConfig filterConfig) throws ServletException {
095        setFilterConfig(filterConfig);
096        try {
097            onFilterConfigSet();
098        } catch (Exception e) {
099            if (e instanceof ServletException) {
100                throw (ServletException) e;
101            } else {
102                if (log.isErrorEnabled()) {
103                    log.error("Unable to start Filter: [" + e.getMessage() + "].", e);
104                }
105                throw new ServletException(e);
106            }
107        }
108    }
109
110    /**
111     * Template method to be overridden by subclasses to perform initialization logic at start-up.  The
112     * {@code ServletContext} and {@code FilterConfig} will be accessible
113     * (and non-{@code null}) at the time this method is invoked via the
114     * {@link #getServletContext() getServletContext()} and {@link #getFilterConfig() getFilterConfig()}
115     * methods respectively.
116     * <p/>
117     * {@code init-param} values may be conveniently obtained via the {@link #getInitParam(String)} method.
118     *
119     * @throws Exception if the subclass has an error upon initialization.
120     */
121    protected void onFilterConfigSet() throws Exception {
122    }
123
124    /**
125     * Default no-op implementation that can be overridden by subclasses for custom cleanup behavior.
126     */
127    public void destroy() {
128    }
129
130
131}